Knitting Abbreviations

Posted By on December 31, 2016


Finally, I have picked up knitting again. My big issue though is that I never learned to use US terms when knitting. So even though I know how to knit, I still have trouble reading patterns, and memorizing all the abbreviations. I looked around and those site that claim to have comprehensive abbreviations list, well they don’t. There are always some missing. So I decided to compile my own list. I have included every abbreviation I could find. AND I am also including stitch combination abbreviations that I have used lately. There will be hundreds more stitch combination abbreviations, and I will update the list once I find more. Please, if I am missing some, add them in the comments and I will add them to the list once I update.

Knitting Abbreviations PDF Download

Knitting Abbreviations
There are many variations of each abbreviation. And many times it depends on context.

3fc – Slip next 2 stitches onto cable needle and leave at front of work. P1, then K2 from cable needle.
4fc – Slip next 3 stitches onto cable needle and leave at front of work. P1, then K3 from cable needle.
4Kfc – Slip next 3 stitches onto cable needle and leave at front of work. K1, then K3 from cable needle.

A.
alt – alternate, alternating
approx – approximately

B.
B – bobble
BB – bobble
BC – Slip next stitch onto cable needle and leave at back of work. K1, then P1 from cable needle.
beg – begin/beginning
bel – below
bet – between
betw – between
bk – back
BO – bind off

C.
C – cable
c – center
c4b – Slip next 2 stitches onto cable needle and leave at back of work. K2, then K2 from cable needle.
C5F – Slip next 4 stitches onto cable needle and leave at front of work. P1, then K4 from cable needle.
C5Finc – Slip next 4 stitches onto cable needle and leave at front of work. Kfb, then K4 from cable needle.
cc – contrast color
cco – cable cast on
ccy – contrast color yarn
cdd – centered double decrease. sl2 tog, K1, pass the slipped stitches over together.
ch – chain
c/off – cast off
c/on – cast on
circ – circular
CL – cluster
cm – centimeter
cn – cable needle
cndl – circular needle
CO – cast on
cont – continue
cr – cross
cross2L – cross 2 stitches to the left (to work a cable). Slip 2 stitches purlwise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in front of work as you knit the next couple of stitches, then knit stitches off of cable needle.
cross2R – cross 2 stitches to the right (to work a cable). slip 2 stitches purlwise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in back of work as you knit the next couple of stitches, then knit stitches off of cable needle.

D.
Daisy st – P3tog, but keep stitches on left-hand needle, yo and P3tog same stitches again.
dbl – double
dec – decrease
decr – decrease
disc – discard
DK – Double Knitting weight yarn. Slightly finer than worsted weight yarn.
dpn – double-point needle

E.
ea – each
eon – end of needle
eor – end of row
ev – every

F.
fc – front cross (working a cable)
fc – Slip next stitch onto cable needle and leave at front of work. P1, then K1 from cable needle.
fl – front loop
foll – following
fs – farside

G.
g – gram
G=#/# – Stitch gauge. Number of stitches and rows.
g st – garter stitch (knit every row)
gg – gauge
grp(s) – group(s)

H.
h – hand
hk – hook

I.
in – inch
inc – increase
incr – increase
incl – include
incl – inclusive
ins – inside

K.
K – Knit
k – knit
K1b – knit 1 below
K-P-K – Knit 1, Purl 1, Knit 1 into a single stitch (increase)
K-yo-K – Knit 1, yarn over, Knit 1 all in one stitch (increase)
Kb – Knit back (equal to Kfs)
kfb – knit into front and back (increase)
Kfs – Knit farside (move right needle to farside of left needle to insert into next stitch)
kll – knit left loop (increase)
KOv – Knit Over (wrap yarn over needle for Knit instead of under)
krl – knit right loop (increase)
Ktbl – knit through the back loop
Ktog – Knit together
K2tog – Knit 2 stitches together
K2togtbl – Knit 2 stitches together through the back loops (left slanting decrease)
kw – knitwise
kwise – knitwise

L.
L – left
l – left
LC – left cross
LC – left cable
lc – light color
lh – left hand
lndl – left needle
lp(s) – loop(s)
LS – left side
LT – left twist

M.
m – meter
M1 – make one (increase). Pick up strand between stitch just worked and next stitch on left hand needle and knit into back of it.
M1L – make one left slant (increase)
M1 p-st – make one purl stitch
M1R – make 1 right slant (increase)
M2P – Make 2 stitches by picking up horizontal loop lying before next stitch and purling into back and front of loop.
M3 – work 3 stitches in one stitch
M5 – work 5 stitches in one stitch
mc – main color
mm – millimeter
mult – multiple

N.
ndl – needle
ns – nearside
num – number

O.
o – over
outs – outside
oz – ounce

P.
P – Purl
p – purl
P-yo-P – Purl 1, yarn over, Purl 1 all in one stitch (increase)
patt – pattern
Pb – Purl back (equal to Pfs)
Pfs – Purl farside (move right needle to farside of left needle to insert into next stitch)
pkup – pick up stitches
plso – pass left stitch over
pm – place marker
pnso – pass next stitch over
pop – popcorn
prso – pass right stitch over
pnso – pass next stitch over
prev – previous
psso – pass slip stitch over
p2sso – pass two slipped stitches over
Ptog – Purl together
P2tog – Purl 2 stitches together
P2togtbl – Purl 2 stitches together through the back loops (left slanting decrease)
pu – pick up stitches
PUnd – Purl under (wrap yarn under needle instead of over for Purl)
pw – purlwise
pwise – purlwise

R.
R – right
r – right
RC – right cross
RC – right cable
rem – remaining
rep – repeat
rep *…* – repeat instructions between asterisks.
rep (…) – repeat instructions between parentheses.
rep […] – repeat instructions between brackets.
ret – return
retL – return stitch to left needle
retR – return stitch to right needle
rev – reverse
rev St st – reverse stockinette stitch (1 row P, 1 row K)
rh – right hand
rnd – round
rndl – right needle
RS – right side (public side)
RT – right twist
rth – running thread

S.
s2kp2 – slip 2 together, knit 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over (2 stitch decrease)
selv – selvedge
sep – separate
sk – skip
sk2p – slip1, K2 together, pass slipped stitch over the K2 together (2 stitch decrease)
skp – Slip, Knit, pass stitch over (left decrease)
skpo – slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over
sl – Slip
sl1k – slip 1 knitwise
sl1p – slip 1 purlwise
Sl1wyif – Slip next stitch purlwise with yarn held in front of work.
slst – Slip stitch (purlwise)
slkw – Slip stitch (knitwise)
sm – slip marker
sndl – straight needle
sp(s) – space(s)
spn – single-point needle
ssk – slip 1 knitwise, slip 1 knitwise, place stitches back onto the left needle, knit these 2 stitches together through back loops ( left slanting decrease)
ssp – slip 1 knitwise , slip 1 knitwise, place stitches back onto the left needle, purl these 2 stitches together through the back loops (left slanting decrease)
sssk – slip 1 knitwise , slip 1 knitwise, slip 1 knitwise, place stitches back onto the left needle, knit 3 slipped stitches together. (2 stitch decrease)
st – stitch
St st – Stockinette stitch, stocking stitch (1 row K, 1 row P)
sts – stitches
str – strand

T.
t – turn
tbl – through back loop(s)
tech – technique
tog – together
tpt – turning point
tw – twist
Tw2PL – Twist 2 left purlwise
Tw2PR – Twist 2 right purlwise
Tw2L – Twist 2 left knitwise
Tw2R – Twist 2 right knitwise

U.
u – under

W.
w – wrap yarn around needle
w&t – Bring yarn to front of work. Slip next stitch purlwise. Bring yarn to back of work. Slip stitch back onto left-hand needle. Turn.
wk – work (work a stitch or work a row)
wr – wrap
WS – wrong side (private side)
wyib – with yarn in back (wyb)
wyif – with yarn in front (wyf)
wyon – wrap yarn on needle

X.
x – times (3x = 3 times)

Y.
y – yarn
yb – with yarn in back
yd – yard
yf – with yarn in front
yf – yarn forward
yfs – yarn farside (move yarn to farside between needle tips)
yfwd – yarn forward
yns – yarn nearside (move yarn to nearside between needle tips)
YO – Yarn Over
yo – yarn over
yo2 – yarn over twice
yon – yarn over needle
yrn – yarn round needle

SYMBOLS.
# – number

#/# – number of stitches and compositions of a cable.

* An asterisk in a row means that a portion of the instructions will be used more than once. For example: rep from * 2 times means it will be worked a total of 3 times.

( ) Parentheses enclose instructions that are to be worked the number of times following the parentheses. For example: (sl 1, K1) 3 times means it will be worked a total of 3 times.
Parentheses can also indicate a group of stitches to be worked into the same stitch.

[ ] Brackets are used the same way we use parentheses. But mainly when there are multiple sets of repeats.

Parentheses and brackets can also be used to give you additional information. For example: (rem 2 sts are to be P1, K1)

: The number after a colon tells you how many stitches you will have when you have completed the row.

Copyright © Inger Soto – This list may not be shared in whole or in part in any way.

About the author

I am an artist with focus on fiber art. Mother of Benny, and wife to Rudy. Enslaved by 3 dogs and 2 cats, some hens, a rooster, a flock of ducks, and a room full of rabbits. Living on our little homestead in northern Arizona. Enjoying life while Working on Great!

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